Knights Templar - Secret Society of Knights of Christ

Knights Templar - Secret Society of Knights of Christ

Knights Templar - a line of poor knights of Christ and Solomon

Knights Templar ; Many speculate that many secrets and masonry societies have emerged from the Knights Templars. It was the theory of the mysticism of the Order and many legends that talked about the Knights Templar as the guardians of the Holy Grail and other relics like the tip of the spear that was tossed to Christ, a part of the cross on which he was crucified and even baptized Christ's head . When the order is 1314 tragically quenched, it is believed that many Knights Templar managed to escape in Scotland and there knight Templar continue acting. Some theories speculate that the mystical Society of Roses and the Cross (rosecruix) is a direct successor to the Templar What is interesting in the study of secret societies and knights Templar is that as one of the possible ways of the Masters of the Masons who wishes to expand their Masonry knowledge, he mentions the so- Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, whose degrees (some in the south, some in northern jurisdictions) undoubtedly associate the knight's legacy. Thus, as far as possible, the "Knight of the East and West", "The Knight of the Rosary and the Cross," "The Knight Commander of the Temple," and many others. But what is most interesting in the story of the connection between the masonic societies and the Knights of the Templars is the existence of the so- "United, Religious, Military and Masonic Order of the Temple and all of Israel from Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes and Malta", which use their symbols as symbols of the Knights Templar.

These Masonic Knights Templars define themselves as the International Humanitarian Order of Masons, and by 1700. When the Freemasonry becomes public, the symbols and traditions of the Templars are incorporated into their rituals. These Knights Templar an extra order, not a higher degree within masonry. In order for the Mason to become a Knight Templar, he must first become a "Master of the Christian Faith" and be elevated to the Holy Royal Palace (some affiliates allow them to become members of other religions who have been besieged to defend Christianity). Like all free-time organizations, membership in this line requires candidates to be a highly moral person, expressing their character and reputation and trusting in the Supreme Being. Knights Templars from the candidates also claim to be prominent Christians. Numerous scientific and pseudo-scientific books have been written about Knights Templars, so it is impossible to describe this noble order in detail.

That is why we will only keep on the most important facts. Historical Templars or the full name "The Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon" (also called Knights Templar ) 1118 was established. after the First Crusade War with the intention of helping the new Jerusalem kingdom to resist the attacks of Muslims from the surrounding area and to provide security to a large number of pilgrims who went to Jerusalem after his conquest. The order was founded by Hugo de Payens. The seat of the order was originally near the place where the Jewish temple, Templar Salomonis, once stood, and was named after it. As the military pressure of the Saracen grew in Palestine, Templars are already in 12. century, moved to Cyprus first and then to France, and began to set up its subsidiaries - houses throughout Europe. They participated in the wars against Saracen in Spain and in the liberation of Portugal.

Knights Templar
Knights Templar

Remembering the Templar we can not avoid mentioning Salah al-Din Yusuf bin Ayub or Saladin. The significance of his name in Arab "righteousness of faith," and during his reign he has occupied many territories. It united Egypt and the Abyssin caliphate, and thanks to the extraordinary knowledge of military tactics in only 12 years, he took Damascus, Syria, Allepo, Mawsil and Iraq. After the three-month battle 1187. he took Jerusalem at the famous bike at Hattina. What is important to note about this battle is that Saladin had 12.000 Knights, and Templars with 20.000 Pedestrians and only 1000 Knights. They were carrying the "True Cross", the sacred relic of 320. which was discovered by the mother of Constantine the Great. But that did not help to resist defeat.

After the battle, many soldiers became Muslim slaves, and Saladin did not spare any Templar except for Great Mistral Gerard de Rideforta. Every Templar and Hospitalator was forced to kneel and then disagree. As it was written, all deaths were welcomed, humble before God and in silence. In addition to defending Christian faith and participating in numerous crusades, the Templars were also known as skillful bankers, which will later prove to be the main cause of their disappearance. Thanks to their contribution to the spread of Christianity, they had possessions throughout Europe, and they were also exempt from paying various taxes.

Knights Templar
Knights Templar

Although the symbol of the Templar was two knights on one horse, as a symbol of poverty,Knights Templar the first beginnings of banking from the period of the Crusades wars develop very skillfully, and in combination with the feudal gifts that have gained throughout Europe become very powerful. Almost all kings and nobility of this age are in charge of them, and they are also highly regarded as financial advisors at the court. Such activities, besides having a great deal of power, also gained many enemies. Begging to accuse them of deceit and malfeasance, and as these accusations become more and more serious, the Templars, persecuted by French King Philip IV, who was their great debtor, began and persecuted. The Conflict of Philip and Templar ends with 1314, when they are burned at the tomb of the late great Templar master, Jacques DeMolay. 1312. Pope Clement V. abolishes the Order of the Templars.

Their property in France confiscates the French king, while in other countries their property by the papal decree is mostly obtained by Ivanovci and knights of Malta. Some are Knights Templar they managed to escape the persecution and fled to Portugal where they changed their name to Christ's Order. The second part fled to Scotland where King Robert Bruce was already excommunicated, so he did not have to accept the will of the Pope. More recently, a document titled "Forgive the Templars" has been published in the Vatican Library, in which Pope Clement V. states that no evidence has been found against the Templar and that he abolishes all the leaders of the Templar Order.

Knights Templar
Knights Templar

Some believe the mass arrests of Templars, which were organized in France on Friday, 13. October 1307, the root of the superstition of the accident brought by Friday 13. Along with the Templars, the legends of the Holy Grail, the Liturgy, and some secrets of the building are still linked today. In addition, it also connects them with Masons. There are opinions that are Templars participated in Portuguese naval expeditions, as well as that they sailed from Scotland to the Atlantic and arrived to America before Columbus. Proof of their travel to America is the recently discovered old frescoes in the chapel in Roslino in Scotland. Namely, frescoes show grape vines and grapes whose origin is America, and frescoes, allegedly, originated in the time before Columbus's discovery. The last and historically most credible legend is the story of the curse that the last leader of this order has sent. On the day of his execution he croaked the Roman Pope of Clement V, the French King Philip IV, the French Prime Minister and their ten future generations. All three "goddamned" persons died in the next twelve months, and later all three kings of the son die young without male children, leading to the beginning of the centenary war.

Knight Templars still exist today in the form of many rows, and - as I mentioned earlier - some organizations are monks and some do. According to the second theory, in order to be saved from persecution, one part of the Order becomes the Royal Order of Christ (the Order of the Holy Cross) in Portugal and their task is to defend the Pyrenees Peninsula from the invading Muslims. That same morning, 13. October 1307. the entire Templar fleet sailed from the port of La Rochelle, and until now it is unknown where it was. It is assumed that they are all their values Templar transferred to Scotland on the estate of the Count of Sinclare. And now, as he says, in Rosslyn's church there is a 9 suitcase that the current owner does not allow to investigate, despite the belief, or precisely because of that, that Saint Graal is there. Undoubtedly, the Templars were outstanding fighters and sincere Christians, loyal to the very end. They respected the vows of poverty and therefore ironically that wealth was one of the important causes of their failure. They ended up as victims of the king's greed, but also the victims of their own pride. Their end was inevitable because of the dangers their power was for the then state order.


The Templar Order itself is quite self-sufficient and it is difficult to reach historical facts even globally. Such a state of affairs has led to the famous abolition of 1312.-1314.g, when many historical documents and records have disappeared with Templars. However, despite this, the Templars have left many testimonies and traces around the world, including in Croatia. In Croatia and Slavonia Templars arrive during the second half of 12. ie in the period after the Second and before the Third Crusade, where they get the nickname of gods (from ubogi). About 1169. Their seat was in Vrani, where the monastery of Sv. Gregory. In Senj, Zagreb, Bozjakov, Našice, Glogovnica and many other places they had their perceptions and huge possessions, so they were the masters of entire counties. Though it is not written anywhere, it seems obvious that the purpose of the Templars' arrival on our ground is clear and coincides with the original purpose and function of their organization: to preserve the passengers and protect travelers on their way to the Middle East.

It should be borne in mind that Western Europeans in this southeastern part of Europe were not only lost, but physically vulnerable to the domicile population, so they needed the protection they found in the family. It was soon recognized by all the holders of the political life of the time: Roman Pope, Hungarian-Croatian kings, archbishops and bishops, and other proponents. As I have already pointed out, it is difficult to get information on the exact date of the arrival of the Templars in our regions due to the lack of historical documents, but bearing in mind that Templar were directly responsible by the popes, records of Templars in Croatia are found in some documents of the Roman Curia.

When talking about Templars in Slavonia, we should know that the mediaeval concept of Slavonia was somewhat different from today's concept of the same geographical area. Even though this term is a term from the earliest Middle Ages, I will concentrate on a later period or time of the reign of the Croatian King Koloman (1226 - 1241.) Which, in the Charter of Croatian Templars, explicitly emphasizes that "Slavonia" is identical to the kingdom of Croatia Dalmatia. Furthermore, Koloman states: "All the Templars, which are within the borders of our Slavonia, as in Dalmatia, so in Croatia ..." When Koloman was preparing for a crusade against the perpetrators in Bosnia and Zahumlje (present Herzegovina), Pope Gregory IX. in a letter from 14. October 1234. brave him, to make a strong war on those "Slavonian regions". Three days later, the Pope wrote to Ivan Nijemcu, "the bishop of Bosnia, the preacher of the Crusade of the Crusaders in Slavonia." The same day Pope writes to Zagreb bishop Stjepan, that he took to the protection of St. Colonel Colombo and his estate, while fighting against the "perpetrators in the Slavonian regions". In all of these allegations Grgur IX. identifies middle-aged Bosnia with "Slavonia".

In these letters Pope Grgur IX. under the name of "Slavonia" was really about Bosnia, the Hungarian-Croatian King Bela IV expressly testifies. in the charter of Zagreb's letter to Phil of 29. October 1244, when he says that his brother, Crown prince Koloman, 1234. took a crusade and went on a crusade "against the patriarchs in Bosnia and the land of Rama". All the above makes it even more difficult to locate and identify Templar property in Croatia. Recognizing some of the historical facts such as the data on the way of the Templar architecture, we may still have some insights. The basic feature of the Templar seat is Majura, a group of property-owned farms that gave them income, grain, wine, cattle, and horses that were bred for knights in the Holy Land. Most often, the Major had a large rectangular yard with a chapel on the south side, and residential buildings and stalls in the north. In each headquarters there was a church where the Templar priests were ministered, who did not fall under the authority of local bishops. Most of the Templar churches were simple and small in size. For this reason, the headquarters of the Templars were similar to the cistercian abbeys, the order they are Templar and related. Most often it was a large rectangular fenced yard, with a chapel on the south side and a residential building on the north.

Sometimes such a complex had a quadruple tower in one corner. In most of the preceptors, their agriculture was overwhelmed by the fortification character. Bearing in mind the facts mentioned above and some existing documents and records, some of the properties in Croatia still know something. One of them was the Vranski Priorat or Priorat Vranski, which was also the name of the Knights Templar Organization in Croatia and Hungary when 1169 was. appeared in that area.

Their center was in Vrani, and they enjoyed the special favor of the kings of Emeric and Andrew II, who gave them enormous possessions. In addition to Vrane, in Senj were held the Senj, which was received by King Bela III. 1183. and the church of St. George. Andrija II. gave them to Gacka in the hinterland of Senja in gratitude for help in his crusade of 1217. Senj is in possession of Templar Knights all the way to 1269. when they changed it to Dubica and the entire County of Dubica, from the Mixed Breeding Bridge to the west to the ridge of Kozara in the south, the streams Rakovica and Vojsk (tributaries of Sava) to the east as well as a good part of Posavina. Andrija II. He also gave them the goddess of Bozjakovina (near today's Dugi Selo near Zagreb), where the Templars establish the Perceptorat of St. Martin. This area around today's Dugi Selo is mentioned for the first time around 1209. called the country of Sv. Martina (terra sancti Martini).

Herceg and later King Andrew II, at the beginning of 13. century, the land was deprived of the parish of Zagreb and donated its trust to Varaždin county Kraţul. The collar later betrayed King Andrew, and he was able to kill him and seize all his possessions. He gave the Templars to the seized land. In 1209 grants. King Andrew II. he confirmed to the Templars all their possessions in Croatia, giving them some new ones.

Zagreb Prefect Vangelin introduced the Templars into the possession of St. Martin. The estate was exempted from the court administration of the Zagreb County and under a special royal protection. In the royal gift they described the interrelationship of the holy manor estate. According to historian Josip Adamček, somewhere in the area of ​​today's place Božjakovina was a house of Knights Templar. It was supposed to be near the Zeline. After the dissolution of the Templars, the Jews took over their possessions, Martin.

It is presumed that the Jews also took over the Templar House on the estate (domus de sancto martino),although it was not excluded that they built a new house somewhere else. Along with the Templars, and later the Nativity House, later the castle was built (mentioned in 1570 as castellum Bosyakowyna). There is a legend that the castle of Božjakovina was connected to the underground corridor with the church of Sv. Brcka in Brckovljani and church of Sv. Martina in Prozor.

In the interior of Croatia, the Templars still owned Glogovnica near Križevci, obtained from the Zagreb bishop Prodan between 1170. and 1175. There are records that it was sold to the Templars "The end of Zagreb, where now Nova Ves, built the Templars of the Templars the monastery and the church." Also, Templars they owned part of the Gora County in Pokuplje where the perceptor of Gora was established, and in eastern Slavonia near Požega Ljesnica and Račešće and Našice.

As it stands in documents from 1250. In Templar, there are woods on Papuk, above Kaptol and Kutjevo, and 1287. The Templars also receive the Berzeniche estate (Breznica, not far from Pleternica in the Požega valley). In the complex of foreshore holdings later included the manor houses Pakrac, Trnava, Čaklovec and Bijela. Ban Opoj 1236., Prefect and ban Slavonia, built the city of Opatija among breeds not far from Rasinje, who later donated to the Templars to save his soul. The medieval Rasin, along with the Opoy City, whose remains can still be found on the hill Buda, is already referred to as 1170. years.

As the owner is mentioned bishop Prodan, who some of the possessions around Rasinje donates the religious order of Templars or Crusaders. 1230. By replacing the country with the bishop of Zagreb, the Templars acquired the land of Ras (s) echa. This country corresponds to the village of Nova Rača, west of Bjelovar. In Nova Rača, the Templars have built the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1312. years. From that time, the Gothic sacristy was preserved in the church. In addition to these possessions, the Templars also owned the Port of Zablace near Pakoštane and Zdjel, which the Templars received from the Bosnian ban Borić mentioned in the documents of 1154. to 1163.

The bastard was located in the northwestern outcrops of Bilo-gore, along the Zdelj stream, south of Podravska village Virja. Beside Split, there was Church of St. Petra Od Brade, which you are Knights Templar get from Petra Strezija. In Istria, the Templars also owned the Church of St. Mary (later taken over by the Franciscans), which still stands in Vižinada. The church is located in the local graveyard of Vizinada on the Field of God, named after the Templars, or "gods". Like any of the Templars in the world around the world, Croats in Croatia after the quench of the Order had the same destiny, most of which came into the hands of the Jews.

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